CLIPについて、調べてみた件

  • 挿 画 素 材 に つ い て は 「 ク リ ッ プ ア ー ト 」 を ご 覧 く だ さ い 。 
  • 販 促 用 映 像 ( ビ デ オ ク リ ッ プ ) に つ い て は 「 ミ ュ ー ジ ッ ク ・ ビ デ オ 」 を ご 覧 く だ さ い 。 
  • 信 号  (電 気 工 学 )の 限 界 値 で の 飽 和 に つ い て は 「 歪 み  (電 子 機 器 )」 を ご 覧 く だ さ い 。 
  • 日 本 の 建 築 設 計 事 務 所 に つ い て は 「 一 級 建 築 士 事 務 所 ク リ ッ プ 」 を ご 覧 く だ さ い 。 
  • ク リ ッ プ  (clip) は 、 つ か ん で 留 め 置 く た め の 器 具 。 一 定 の 状 態 で 固 定 し て お く こ と そ の も の を 目 的 と し て い る も の ( 紙 な ど を 挟 む た め に 用 い ら れ る 文 房 具 の ク リ ッ プ や 髪 を 留 め る ヘ ア ク リ ッ プ な ど ) の ほ か 、 物 に 固 定 す る こ と を 手 段 と し て 一 定 の 目 的 を 果 た す 役 割 を も つ も の ( 電 線 の 接 続 を 目 的 と す る 電 子 部 品 の ク リ ッ プ や は ん だ 付 け の 際 に 熱 か ら 電 子 部 品 を 守 る た め の 放 熱 を 目 的 と す る ヒ ー ト ク リ ッ プ な ど ) も あ る 。 な お 、 ク リ ッ プ 扇 風 機 の よ う に 電 気 製 品 の 本 体 と 一 体 と な っ て い る 場 合 も あ る 。 

    歴 史 

    最 も 広 く 使 わ れ て い る 細 長 い 長 円 形 の ク リ ッ プ は 特 許 が 取 得 さ れ て お ら ず 、 誰 が 発 明 者 か は っ き り し て い な い が 、 イ ギ リ ス で 1890年 頃 に ゼ ム ・ マ ニ ュ フ ァ ク チ ュ ア リ ン グ ・ カ ン パ ニ ー  (The Gem Manufacturing Company) が 発 明 し た と 思 わ れ て い る 。 1899年 に コ ネ チ カ ッ ト 州 ウ ォ ー タ ー バ リ ー 出 身 の ウ ィ リ ア ム ・ ミ ド ル ブ ル ッ ク が 、 こ の 形 の ク リ ッ プ を 作 る 機 械 の 特 許 を 取 得 し て い る 。 こ の 形 の も の は 現 在 で も ゼ ム ク リ ッ プ と 呼 ば れ て お り 、 ス ウ ェ ー デ ン 語 で は 全 て の 文 房 具 の ク リ ッ プ を ゼ ム  (gem) と 呼 ん で い る 。 

    東 ロ ー マ 帝 国 で は 真 鍮 製 の ク リ ッ プ を 使 っ て い た た め 、 こ の 地 の 職 人 が 発 明 し た 可 能 性 が 高 い 。 し か し 、 1つ ず つ 手 作 業 で 作 ら れ て い た こ と も あ り 、 あ ま り に も 高 価 で あ っ た た め 、 皇 帝 や わ ず か な 貴 族 し か 使 用 し て い な か っ た 。 

    ノ ル ウ ェ ー 人 の ヨ ハ ン ・ バ ー ラ ー  (Johan Vaaler) が 、 1899年 と 1901年 に 若 干 構 造 を 変 え た ク リ ッ プ の 特 許 を 取 得 し た が 、 ゼ ム ク リ ッ プ の ほ う が 機 能 性 に 優 れ て い た た め 、 広 ま ら な か っ た 。 多 く の 本 が 誤 っ て バ ー ラ ー を 発 明 者 と し て い る が 、 こ れ は 間 違 い で あ る 。 ま た ノ ル ウ ェ ー 人 が 発 明 し た わ け で も な い 。 し か し 、 バ ー ラ ー が 特 許 を 取 得 す る な ど 、 ノ ル ウ ェ ー 人 が 関 わ っ て い た こ と が 事 実 で あ る た め 、 ゼ ム ク リ ッ プ は 第 二 次 世 界 大 戦 中 、 ド イ ツ の 占 領 下 に あ っ た ノ ル ウ ェ ー で 抵 抗 運 動 の シ ン ボ ル と し て 使 わ れ る こ と と な っ た 。 イ ギ リ ス に 亡 命 し た ホ ー コ ン 7世 に 対 す る 忠 誠 と ノ ル ウ ェ ー の 団 結 を 示 す た め 、 ノ ル ウ ェ ー 人 は ゼ ム ク リ ッ プ を 服 に つ け て 密 か に 抵 抗 運 動 の シ ン ボ ル と し て い た の で あ る 。 戦 後 、 オ ス ロ の 郊 外 に バ ー ラ ー の 名 誉 を た た え て 巨 大 な ゼ ム ク リ ッ プ の 彫 刻 が 建 立 さ れ た 。 

    ク リ ッ プ の 種 類 

    文 房 具 

    電 子 部 品 

    電 子 回 路 に お い て 端 子 や リ ー ド 線 を 挟 む こ と に よ っ て 電 線 を 接 続 す る た め の 電 子 部 品 。 

    そ の 他 

  • 魚 肉 ソ ー セ ー ジ の 両 端 に つ い て い る 、 金 属 製 の 留 め 具 。 
  • ペ ン の 蓋 ( ま れ に 本 体 ) に つ い て い る 、 胸 ポ ケ ッ ト や 書 類 に 止 め る た め の 突 起 。 
  • 火 器 で 銃 弾 の 装 填 に 用 い る 挿 弾 子 。 
  • マ ネ ー ク リ ッ プ  – 紙 幣 を 束 ね る の に 使 う 。 
  • ヘ ア ク リ ッ プ  – 髪 を ま と め る 装 飾 品 と し て 使 う 。 
  • カ ラ ー ク リ ッ プ  – カ ラ ー ピ ン の 一 種 で ネ ク タ イ に 用 い る 。 
  • Binding & hem clip – 髪 や 裁 縫 に 使 わ れ る 。 
  • み の 虫 ク リ ッ プ 

    ICテ ス ト ク リ ッ プ 

    マ ネ ー ク リ ッ プ 

    ※ 参照元:https://ja.wikipedia.org



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